Signs of a Heart Attack - Medx Health Assistance

Signs of a Heart Attack

A human heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body. The heart has four chambers, left and right atrium, and left and right ventricle. The arteries that run along the surface of the heart are called the coronary arteries. These arteries deliver fresh or oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles.


What is a Heart Attack?
A heart attack is a medical condition in which the coronary arteries get narrowed or blocked. The blockage is because of the buildup of cholesterol, fats, and other unhealthy substances. These are together called plaque. The process of accumulation of plaque is known as Atherosclerosis. A heart attack is also called a myocardial infarction.
The heart muscles require oxygen to survive. When a plaque in the arteries falls apart a blood clot is formed around them. This blood clot cuts off the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart resulting in a heart attack.

Be cautious and know the warning signs of a heart attack

While some of the heart attacks happen suddenly or unexpectedly, most of the attacks developing slowly. The human body tends to give us signals and we must pay attention to them. The signs start as minor discomfort that may become severe at a later stage. Find below some of the warning signs of a heart attack you must visit a hospital if you experience:

  • Uneasiness in the upper areas of the body: it can be a pain or discomfort in the abdomen, one or both arms neck, jaw, or the back
  • Chest pain: A heart attack mostly starts with pain in the middle of the chest. The pain may last for about a minute and can be recurring. It can feel like sore pressure, squeezing, pain, and tightness. Sometimes a heart attack can happen without chest pain too, this is common in females.
  • Radiating pain: pain can start from the chest and move towards the upper part of the body. Or sometimes only severe arm pain can result in a heart attack.
  • Breathing difficulty: shortness of breath, heavy breathing with episodes of cold sweats
  • Digestive issues: nausea, heartburn, and stomach pain. These symptoms are common in females than in males. You can have these symptoms for many other reasons too. Please get a check-up done if you experience them more often.
  • Dizziness: sudden weakness and shakiness along with chest discomfort 
  • Fatigue: sudden tiredness and exhaustion after doing certain activities like climbing the stairs, or walking. Unexplained weakness and tired feeling which never happened before 
  • Sleep disorders: loud snoring, along with choked feeling. Sleep apnea a condition in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts while a person is still sleeping. This can exert extra pressure on the heart. It seems as a person is gasping for breath.
  • Abnormal heart rate: heart may skip a beat or beat out of time. A doctor will find out the actual reason for such irregular heartbeat 
  • Bloating: when the heart is unable to pump the blood properly, the lower body parts such as legs, feet, or ankles swell up or looks bloated.

A heart attack does not need to come with warning signs. Sometimes it is a sudden emergency. But if you have associated risk factors, you should pay attention to the warning signs. 

Find below some risk factors associated with a heart attack:

  • Age: 60 or older
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Over-weight or obesity
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Heredity or family history
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Unhealthy food habits
  • Tobacco consumption 
  • Alcohol addiction

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