Ataxia is a degenerative disease of the nervous system. It describes a lack of muscle control or coordination of voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects.
Ataxia usually results from damage to the part of the brain that controls muscle coordination (cerebellum).
There are three broad categories of Ataxia:
Acquired Ataxia: In this condition, symptoms develop as the result of trauma, a stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), brain tumor, nutritional deficiencies, or other problems that damage the brain or nervous system.
Hereditary Ataxia: In this condition, symptoms develop slowly over many years and are caused by faulty genes inherited from parents.
Idiopathic late-onset cerebellar ataxia (ILOCA): In this condition, the brain is progressively damaged over time for reasons that are unclear.