A bone marrow transplant involves transplanting blood cells, which move to the bone marrow to further produce new blood cells and promote the growth of new marrow. It is a medical procedures performed by transplanting blood cells, i.e. replacing the destroyed and damaged cells with the healthy cells to help your body make enough platelets, white blood cells, or red blood cells to avoid infections, bleeding disorders, or anemia. In a bone marrow transplant, procedure the bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed is replaced by disease, infection. This procedure
This procedure of bone marrow is usually performed when the patients are suffering from conditions like a plastic anemia, leukemia, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or thalassemia major.
Usually, doctors recommend one of the following three types of bone marrow transplantations –
- An Allogeneic Transplant: This procedure involves the use of cells from a donor. The donor must be a close genetic match; the donor can also be a close relative or someone with absolutely no connection with the patient, as long as the genetic makeup of the cells matches those of the patient’s.
- An Auto Logos Transplant: In this procedure the doctor uses patient’s own cells.
- A Syngeneic Transplant: In this procedure, if the patient has an identical twin his/her cells can be used.
Bone Marrow Transplant- Procedure
Before a bone marrow transplant procedure, the Doctor will recommend a few tests to discover what type of bone marrow cells patient needs. The patient might also undergo radiation to kill off all cancer cells or marrow cells before getting the new cells. Before your treatment, the health care team will explain the patient about the transplant process and answer all the questions. The pre-transplant period is characterized by the identification of the appropriate type of transplant that will be done and, if necessary, finding an appropriate donor for the transplant.