- Bursitis is the painful swelling of a minor, fluid-filled Sac called a Bursa. It is an inflammation or irritation of the Bursa Sac.
- We have these sacs all over our body filled with fluid, which helps ease rubbing and friction between tissues like muscle, bone, tendons, and skin.
- Bursitis often occurs around significant joints like the Shoulder, Elbow, Hip or Thigh, Buttocks, Knee, and Achilles tendon or Heel.
- Bursitis mainly happens when a Bursa becomes irritated by excess pressure or overuse.
- The pain that occurred from an inflamed Bursa may be sudden or build up over time.
- Bursitis is common in adults, especially after the age of 40.
- Bursitis is usually caused by using a joint too much or repeated pressure on an area caused by performing high-risk activities, such as gardening, raking, carpentry, shovelling, painting, scrubbing, tennis, golf, skiing, and throwing.
- A person can also get Bursitis by standing or sitting in the wrong way for a long time at home or work, or by not stretching enough before the exercise.
- Sudden injury can also sometimes cause Bursitis.
- Reactions to medications and inflammation or stress from other conditions like Gout, Psoriatic Arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, or Thyroid Disorders can be a risk factor that can cause Bursitis.
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- The most common symptom of Bursitis is Pain around the Muscles, Bones, and particularly Joints.
- The symptoms might build up slowly or be sudden and severe, especially if the patient has calcium deposits in the area.
- The joint might also get Stiff, Swollen, and Red.
The patient should consult a doctor immediately if they face:
- Fever (over 102)
- Swelling, Redness, and Warmth in the area
- Trouble moving the Joint
The doctor will perform a physical examination based on the patient’s symptoms. To rule out another Bursitis Flare-Up or signs of infection, the doctor may recommend:
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
- Blood Tests (to look for disease)
- Fluid Sample from the Bursa (if infected)