Cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove the gallbladder (a pear-shaped organ that sits just below the liver on the upper right side of the abdomen). The gallbladder collects and stores bile (a digestive fluid produced in the liver used to help digest fat).
There are two types of cholecystectomy:
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy- This is most commonly performed by inserting a tiny video camera and special surgical tools through 3-4 small incisions, helps to see inside the abdomen and remove the gallbladder.
- Open cholecystectomy- In this procedure, one large incision is made to remove the gallbladder.