In heart valve surgery, the surgeon repairs or replaces the affected heart valves. There are many surgical procedures that may be used to repair or replace heart valves, including open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery. Your treatment depends on several factors that include your health, age, the condition of the heart valve that is affected, and the severity of your condition. Heart valve replacement is a surgery done to repair or replace heart valves that aren’t functioning correctly. Due to the abnormal functioning of the heart valves, there can be a blood flow blockage in the body, which may prove fatal to the patient.
There are two main types of heart valve:
Artificial heart valve– Natural heart valves stimulate unidirectional blood flow through the valve structure from one chamber of the heart to another, so it becomes dysfunctional for a variety of pathological causes, because of which one may require complete surgical replacement of the natural heart valve with an artificial valve. An artificial heart valve is a device implanted in the heart of a patient with neurological pathways heart disease. When one of the four heart valves doesn’t function properly, the medical choice may be to replace the natural valve with an artificial valve that requires open-heart surgery.
Mechanical Valve- The main advantage of placing a mechanical valve is their durability as they usually last for the rest of the person’s life. That is why they have been historically favored in cases if younger people with an expected life span of several more decades. These types of valves are made of strong durable materials and are the most long-lasting type of replacement valve, and most of these manufactured valves will last throughout the remainder of the patients’ lifetime. However, blood clots can occur in the valve flaps or hinges and result in the malfunctioning of the valve. Which can be an imminently life-threatening situation. Additionally, if these clots break off and travel through the bloodstream or if the clot blocks an artery to the brain, it causes a stroke.