Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis - Medx Health Assistance
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Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is also known as Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. It is the most common type of Arthritis in kids and teens (children under the age of 16). Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis can cause swelling, persistent Joint Pain, inflammation in the hands, knees, ankles, elbows, wrists, and Stiffness.
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Overview

  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is also known as Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  • It is the most common type of Arthritis in kids and teens (children under the age of 16).
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is slightly more common in girls and most commonly occurs in pre-school age children or teenagers.
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis can cause swelling, persistent Joint Pain, inflammation in the hands, knees, ankles, elbows, wrists, and Stiffness.
  • Few children may experience symptoms for only a few months, while others have symptoms for many years.
  • Some Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis can cause serious complications, such as joint damage, growth problems, and eye inflammation. 
  • Treatment for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis focuses on controlling inflammation and pain, improving function, and preventing damage.

Types of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis:

  • Oligoarthritis: This is the most common type of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis that affects two-thirds of young people with Arthritis. It’s often mild and most commonly affects one or both the knees. This type of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis most likely cause eye inflammation (chronic anterior uveitis), and the patient will need regular eye checks.
  • Polyarthritis: This is the second most common type of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Polyarthritis may come on suddenly or can steadily involve more joints for months. Symptoms of Polyarthritis may include painful swelling in fingers, wrists, toes, ankles, knees, hips, the neck, and jaw.
  • Enthesitis-Related Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: It affects the places where the tendons attach to the bone (entheses) and causes inflammation. It often affects the joints of the leg and spine. It can cause a red, painful eye condition (acute uveitis).
  • Psoriatic Arthritis: The combination of joint pain and skin rash is known as Psoriatic Arthritis (Psoriasis skin rash). It usually affects fingers and toes but may affect other joints too. 
  • Systemic-Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: It is a rare case of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. It can cause swelling and joint pain, as well as inflammation all over the body. Enlarged glands in the neck, under the arms and around the groin are its causes. The doctor may also find the spleen and liver enlarged, and, very occasionally, the covering of the heart is inflamed (pericarditis). There may be no symptom of swollen joints in the first few weeks, and the diagnosis may be uncertain.

Symptoms

The most common symptoms of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis include:

  • Pain: The child might not complain of joint pain but may notice that patient limps- mainly in the morning or after a nap.
  • Stiffness: The patient might appear clumsier than usual, particularly in the morning or after naps.
  • Swelling: Swelling in the Joint is common but is often first noticed in larger joints such as the knee.
  • Fever, Swollen Lymph Nodes and Rash: In few cases, swollen lymph nodes, high fever, or a rash on the trunk may occur, usually worse in the evenings.

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