Lung transplant is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon replaces a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung, usually from a deceased donor. It further helps the patients to breathe easily and grants many more years of life. A lung transplant may involve replacing one of your lungs or both of them, depending on the medical condition of the patient.
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You will be recommend a Lung transplant when the lung is failing because of any of the below-mentioned disease:
- Lung transplant is advised by the doctors when the lung is failing because of any of the below-mentioned disease:
- Pulmonary Hypertension: It is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in your lungs and the right side of your heart.
- Cystic Fibrosis: This is a genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and limits the ability to breathe over time. This commonly occurs in children where sticky, thick mucus is formed in the lungs which causes repeated and grave lung infections.
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): This is one of the most prevalent reasons for a lung transplant in adults. It is a progressive and incurable disease, but with the right diagnosis and treatment, there are many things you can do to manage your COPD and breathe better. It is a disease that gets worse with time and causes great difficulty in breathing.
- AAT Deficiency (Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency): In this condition, the risk of lung disease is increased, particularly because of smoking.
- Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: This is yet another type of chronic lung disease characterized by a progressive and irreversible decline in lung function. In this condition, the tissues of the lungs become stiff, thick or scarred over time.
Lung Transplant- Procedure
There are few tests recommended before the surgery to assess whether you should take the operation or not. some of these tests include
- Echocardiogram, Cardiac catheterization, etc. to assess your heart condition
- To check infections Blood tests are recommended
- Colonoscopy, pap smear, etc.
Follow your exercise regime which you learned during pulmonary rehabilitation. You will be asked to stop smoking and drinking alcohol and do not put on weight.