Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney. Nephrectomy is performed to treat several kidney diseases including kidney cancer as well as other kidney diseases and injuries.
This procedure is also performed to remove a healthy kidney from a donor (living or deceased) for transplantation.
There are two ways to perform Nephrectomy- Open Nephrectomy (through a single incision in the abdomen or side) and Laparoscopic Nephrectomy (through series of small incisions in the abdomen using a camera and small instruments).
There are two types of Nephrectomy:
Radical (complete) Nephrectomy:
In this procedure, the urologic surgeon removes the entire Kidney and often some additional structures, such as part of the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder (ureter) or other adjacent structures such as the adrenal gland or lymph nodes.
This procedure is also known as kidney-sparing (nephron-sparing) surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon removes diseased tissue from a kidney and leaves healthy tissue in place.