Osteoarthritis - Medx Health Assistance
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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common and chronic (long-lasting) form of Arthritis that occurs when the protecting cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones breaks down, causing the bones within the joint to rub together. Symptoms of Osteoarthritis can include pain and stiffness and can usually be managed, but the damage that occurred to joints cannot be reversed. 
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Overview

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common and chronic (long-lasting) form of Arthritis that occurs when the protecting cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones breaks down, causing the bones within the joint to rub together. 
  • Osteoarthritis is also called Wear-and-Tear Arthritis, Degenerative Arthritis, and Degenerative Joint Disease.
  • Osteoarthritis can damage any joint of the body, and the disorder most commonly affects joints in the knees, hips, hands, and spine.
  • Symptoms of Osteoarthritis can include pain and stiffness and can usually be managed, but the damage that occurred to joints cannot be reversed. 
  • Maintaining a healthy weight, staying active, and receiving specific treatments might slow the progression of the disease and help improve joint function and pain.
  • Osteoarthritis (OA) is mainly caused by joint damage, and the damage can accumulate over time, so age is one of the foremost causes of joint damage leading to Osteoarthritis.
    Other causes of joint damage include past injury, such as:
  • Dislocated Joints
  • Torn Cartilage
  • Ligament Injuries
  • They also have Obesity, Joint Malformation, and Poor Posture. 

Symptoms

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis (OA) often develop slowly and worsen over time. 

Osteoarthritis (OA) can occur in any joint. However, the most commonly affected areas of the body include the:

  • Hands
  • Fingertips
  • Knees
  • Hips
  • Spine (typically at the Neck or Lower Back)

Signs and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis may include:

  • Pain: In Osteoarthritis, affected joints might hurt during or after movement.
  • Tenderness: The joint might feel tender when a patient applies light pressure to or near it.
  • Stiffness: Joint stiffness might be most noticeable after being inactive or upon awakening.
  • Loss of Flexibility: The patient might not be able to move the joint through its full range of motion.
  • Bone Spurs: Bone Spurs are the extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, can form around the affected joint.
  • Grating Sensation: The patient might feel a grating sensation while using the joint, and a patient might hear popping or crackling.
  • Swelling: Swelling might be caused by soft tissue inflammation around the joint.Some Severe Signs and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis (OA) may include:
  • Increased Pain: The patient may feel pain during activities but also when they are at rest. The patient may feel an increase in the pain level as the day progresses or more swelling in the joints if they have used them a lot throughout the day.
  • Increased Swelling and Inflammation: The amount of synovial fluid within the joint may increase. Usually, this fluid helps reduce friction during movement. However, in more significant amounts, it can cause joint swelling. Fragments of broken-off cartilage may also float within the synovial fluid, increasing pain and swelling.
  • Joint Instability: The joints may become less stable. For instance, if a patient is suffering from severe Osteoarthritis (OA) in the knees. The patient may experience locking (sudden lack of movement). They may also experience buckling (when the knee gives out), which can cause falls and injury.
  • Decreased Range of Motion: The patient may not be able to move due to stiffness or pain in the joints. It can make it harder to enjoy the day-to-day activities that used to come quickly.
  • Other Symptoms: As a joint continues to wear down, muscle weakness, bone spurs, and joint deformity may also occur.

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