Skin cancer happens when there is an uncontrollable growth of abnormal skin cells. These cells are originated from the cells of the epidermis, the superficial layer of the skin. It takes place when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells triggers mutations, or genetic defects, that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. The vast majority of these sorts of skin cancers rarely spread to other parts of the body and become life-threatening.
Mr. Frederick Mohs discovered Mohs Surgery in the 1930s which is one of the most common solutions to treat skin cancer. Today, it is one of the most effective techniques for basal cell carcinoma treatment and squamous cell carcinoma treatment – the two most common skin cancer types.
In this procedure, cancerous cells that are found in the skin are removed from the skin layer by layer until the removed layers show no sign of cancer cells. Mohs surgery is most often used on more visible areas, such as the head and neck or hands, to limit scarring and ensures minimal damage to healthy skin cells around the affected areas. It is possible to achieve cancer-free margins with this technique and thus, it is considered an effective treatment for recurrent skin cancers.