TURP (Transurethral resection of the prostate) is a procedure used to treat urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate. This procedure is performed with the help of an instrument called a resectoscope (a thin metal tube containing light, camera, and loop wire), which is inserted through the tip of the penis into the tube that carries urine from the bladder (urethra). The resectoscope helps to trim away excess prostate tissues that block urine flow.
Another treatment procedure to remove the prostate is PROSTATECTOMY. This is a surgical procedure used for the partial or complete removal of the prostate. This procedure is performed to treat prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia that causes urinary retention.
There are two main types of prostatectomies:
Simple Prostatectomy: This type of prostatectomy involves the removal of only a part of the prostate. This procedure is mainly used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Radical Prostatectomy: This type involves the removal of the entire prostate gland. This procedure is mainly performed to treat malignant cancer.